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Chirichonse Muyenera Kudziŵa za Mawindo litayamba Format

Tamva za Zokongoletsa litayamba Mawindo 7 / XP / Vista, koma sindikudziwa momwe angachitire izo? Musati mudandaule. Nkhaniyi amatsogolera inu wonse ndondomeko mosavuta. Nkhaniyi chimakwirira mbali zambiri, alemba kudziwa zambiri za mfundo:

Kodi masanjidwe?

Zokongoletsa ndi ndondomeko deleting ndi kukonza kwambiri chosungira yoyamba ntchito. Pali zifukwa zambiri zimene mungafunike mtundu zolimba pagalimoto - woyera unsembe mawindo, HIV kapena yaumbanda kuchotsa, kapena kungoti kukonzamo pamaso kugulitsa kapena kupereka kwa munthu wina. Zokongoletsa ambiri anawagawa m'magulu atatu Ndime:

  • Low mlingo masanjidwe
  • Partitioning
  • Mkulu mlingo masanjidwe

Low mlingo masanjidwe m'pamene pamalo a mbale ndi zolembera kusonyeza chiyambi cha wolembera chipika ndi ntchito zotsatira ndi litayamba Mtsogoleri kuwerenga kapena kulemba deta. Izi cholinga kuti kwamuyaya maziko a litayamba, ndipo kawirikawiri anamaliza pa fakitale.


Partitioning ukugawa ndi litayamba kulowa imodzi kapena zingapo zigawo, kulemba deta nyumba kwa litayamba kusonyeza chiyambi ndi mapeto a zigawo.


Mkulu mlingo masanjidwe amalenga wapamwamba dongosolo mtundu mkati litayamba kugawa kapena zomveka voliyumu. Izi zikuphatikizapo masanjidwe deta nyumba ntchito Os kuzindikira zomveka pagalimoto kapena kugawa a nkhani. Izi zingachitike pa ntchito dongosolo unsembe, kapena pamene kuwonjezera latsopano litayamba.

Pali kwenikweni mitundu iwiri ya mtundu:

* Quick Format ndi Full Format.


Ndakhala ndikufunsidwa kambirimbiri chifukwa ntchito Full Format umene uli nthawi yambiri pa Quick Format kumene ndondomeko kumatenga ochepa masekondi. Chabwino, kusiyana ndi kuti Quick Format si kwenikweni winawake deta yanu zovuta pagalimoto. M'malo mwake, basi Zikuoneka kuti chopanda ndi masamba onse deta yanu kusungidwa mu malo amene akhoza kubwezeretsedwa Patapita. Musati ine cholakwika, Quick Format ndi wabwino kwambiri chida mtundu wa HDD pamene akukonzekera izo yoyamba ntchito (yatsopano HDD) kapena ngati mukufuna reinstall wanu Os. Komano Full Format deletes chirichonse (popanda posibility kubwezeretsa) ndi Komanso mapanga sikani kugawa Zoipa Boma zomwe ziri chimodzimodzi chifukwa chake limapitirira Quick Format.

Kumbukirani chinthu chimodzi: Inu simungakhoze mtundu galimoto kuti ndi ntchito pamene akuthamanga anu ntchito System.This ndi chitetezo Mbali kuti inu simungakhoze winawake Mawindo mwangozi.


Kufotokoza: Nthawi zambiri wanu Mawindo adzakhala kuikidwa pa C: kugawa anu HDD pamene inu adakhala ndi mawindo, inu simungakhoze mtundu C: kugawa chifukwa akugwiritsa ntchito pa nthawiyo.


Other partitions ngati D: akhoza formatted popanda mavuto basi kusankha izo, dinani mbewa pa izo ndipo sankhani mtundu. Kagulu zenera chikuyamba ndipo amatipatsa zosiyanasiyana options amene tikambirana Patapita.

Kodi mtundu zolimba pagalimoto

    M'gawo lino ife akambirane mmene mtundu wa kugawa pamene adakhala ndi mawindo ndi momwe angachitire izo pamene booting ku Live CD kapena USB.

    Tisanayambe, ine ndikufuna kufotokoza chinachake ndanenera kangapo pamaso.


    Partitions!

    Chabwino, kodi partitions?

    A kwambiri chosungira angathe kugawidwa mmagawo ang'onoang'ono zigawo, wotchedwa partitions.

    Pambuyo mtundu, aliyense kugawa akapatsidwa yake yopita (C:, D :)

    Choncho pamene mwaganiza mtundu yeniyeni kugawa, onetsetsani kuti zikuoneka kuti mtundu popanda akusokoneza anu deta ena partitions, kapena kwina, ena partitions otsalafe n'komwe.

    Komabe, ngati mwaganiza mtundu wonse HDD, muyenera winawake kugawa. Choncho, pamene inu winawake partitions, iwo kupanga unallocated danga umene konzani partitions chilichonse kukula, wapamwamba dongosolo, etc.


    Tsopano kuti tinalalikira partitions gawo pa Zokongoletsa lokha.


    Kotero ife tanena kale kuti pali njira ziwiri mtundu:

  • pamene ife adakhala ndi mawindo
  • pamene ife jombo kuchokera Live CD kapena USB
  • Ife ananenanso mmene mtundu yeniyeni pagalimoto (a galimoto izo si ntchito ndi Mawindo) ndi kusankha izo, dinani ndi kusankha njira mtundu.

    Apa ndi pamene ife latsopano zenera ndi zina mungachite kuti tiyenera anapereka akuyendera.


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    • Mphamvu akutionesa kukula kwa kugawa
    • Wapamwamba dongosolo ndi dongosolo kompyuta amagwiritsa ntchito bungwe deta pa zolimba litayamba (chino adzakhala ayeretse anafotokoza Patapita)
    • Kugawilidwa kwanthaka Unit Kukula ndi laling'ono kuchuluka kwa litayamba danga ntchito kukachititsa wapamwamba.
    • Volume chizindikiro ndi malo ife dzina wathu kugawa.
    • Quick Format ndi kufufuzidwa ndi kusakhulupirika (uncheck kwa Full Format mwayi ntchito)
    • Kulenga MS-DOS oyambitsa litayamba - muona uyu njira grayed ndi chifukwa ndicho kuti ife sitikusowa kulenga MS-DOS oyambitsa litayamba kuyambira tili USB abulusa zimene zingatichititse jombo masiku ano ndi ntchito mmene kuchira zida molakwika kachitidwe.

    Asanapite kupitirirabe, ife tiyime apa ndi kufotokoza zimene ndendende ndi wapamwamba dongosolo ndipo kodi ntchito yake.

    Wapamwamba KA

    Pali wapamwamba kachitidwe tingasankhe akuyendera ndi masanjidwe.

    Wapamwamba KA anawagawa:

    • Mafuta kapena FAT16 (Fayilo Kugawilidwa kwanthaka Table)
    • VFAT (bwino mafuta wapamwamba dongosolo)
    • FAT32 (ukugwirizana mafuta ndi VFAT)
    • HPFS (High Magwiridwe Fayilo ka)
    • NTFS (New Technology Fayilo ka)

    Mafuta Fayilo ka ntchito ndi DOS ndi imayendetsedwa ndi ena onse ntchito KA. Ndi yosavuta, odalirika ndi chiyani kudya kwambiri yosungirako. Ichi ndi wapamwamba dongosolo kunayamba mu 1977 ntchito pa floppy mbale. Waukulu charcteristic za wapamwamba dongosolo lake ndi dzina msonkhano wina dzina lake 8.3 kutanthauza kuti anali 8 otchulidwa pamaso pa dontho ndi 3 pambuyo izo.

    VFAT taphunzira ntchito mafuta kuti amalola ntchito yaitali mayina kuposa mafuta 8.3 msonkhano amawatenga DOS. 255 khalidwe yaitali maina anayambitsa pano monga otsutsana ku chiyambi mafuta. Lilipo Mawindo 95 ndi Mawindo NT 3.5.

    HPFS yokonzedwa bwino Pochita mafuta wapamwamba dongosolo. Imakhala bwino ntchito kuposa mafuta zikuluzikulu mabuku ndi kuthandiza yaitali wapamwamba mayina. Iwo amapereka mwa Mawindo NT.

    NTFS ndi wapamwamba dongosolo la m'badwo watsopano. Iwo amathandiza chirichonse yapita wapamwamba kachitidwe thandizo. Komanso kumatipatsa yaitali wapamwamba mayina lalikulu mabuku bwino deta chitetezo (kubisa), psinjika cha owona, litayamba kuumba (malire anapereka dongosolo woyang'anira kuti kukuchepetsa cetain zokhudza wapamwamba dongosolo ntchito) ndi Universal wapamwamba nawo.

    * Mawindo XP, Vista, 7, 8, 8.1 adzatipatsa atatu okha options:

    • Mafuta, FAT32 ndi NTFS, kotero ndikofunika kudziwa kusiyana pakati pawo pamaso kusankha mmodzi.
    • Ambiri ntchito wapamwamba dongosolo lero NTFS chifukwa amatipatsa zonse zofunika.
    • Koma ndi chifukwa yabwino wapamwamba dongosolo lero ndipo palibe kusankha wina aliyense ngati muli wokalamba makinawo Mawindo NT ndi pansi (ntchito mafuta pa makina kumene mabuku ndi 2GB kapena zing'onozing'ono).

    Kugawilidwa kwanthaka kukula ayenera anachoka pa kusakhulupirika ngati pali enieni kufunika chifukwa chake ayenera kusinthidwa.

    A mawu a chenjezo:

    Onetsetsani onse deta ndi kumbuyo pamaso Zokongoletsa (makamaka pamene akuchita Full Format) monga pakhoza kukhala kubwezeretsa kamodzi ndondomeko uli wangwiro.


    Njira ina Zokongoletsa pagalimoto partitions akugwiritsa ntchito litayamba Management kutonthoza.

    Dinani kumanja pa kompyuta mafano pa Kompyuta ndi kusankha Sinthani zimatengera ife kumeneko. Pa mndandanda kumanzere, pali litayamba Management mwina.

    Zathu zonse partitions zalembedwa uko ndi kulondola kuwonekera pa chimodzi cha izo amatipatsa zosiyanasiyana options kuphatikizapo mtundu. Kudzanja kuwonekera wanu Mawindo kugawa kudzasonyeza mtundu njira grayed kunja kutanthauza kuti zimatetezedwa ndi sangathe formated kwa chitetezo zifukwa monga tanenera kale.


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    Malinga kwa fano pamwamba, pali angapo options pamene ife kudzanja alemba pa kufunika kugawa.


    Ngati tili unallocated danga, tingagwiritse ntchito Latsopano Zambiri Volume mfiti kumene tikuona zonse the options tinakambirana za wina ndi zina amatchedwa Yambitsani kupala chikwatu psinjika amene ali, pamene ife anati, anawonjezera ndi NTFS.

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    Pomaliza, pali mmodzi winanso njira mtundu wa kugawa pamene adakhala ndi mawindo ndi amene ntchito lamulo mwamsanga kutonthoza.

    Simulaneously kuwonekera mawindo batani pamodzi ndi kalata R atamatula ndi Thawani kutonthoza pamene ife kutayipa CMD ndi kumadula kulowa.

    A zabwino wakuda zenera chikuyamba wokonzeka kudzazidwa ndi malamulo.

    A lamulo ntchito mtundu wa kugawa ndi:

    mtundu (danga)

    Chitsanzo cha zingakhale

    mtundu D:

    Pogwiritsa ntchito lamulo limeneli tasankhula mtundu kugawa D: ntchito NTFS wapamwamba dongosolo - popanda kutchula wapamwamba dongosolo, NTFS ndi kusakhulupirika munthu ntchito.

    Ngati tikufuna, tingasankhe wapamwamba dongosolo ndi lamulo ili:

    mtundu (danga) / FS: ntfs kapena / FS: fat32 kapena / FS: mafuta (kwa fat16) ndi kuwonjezera galimoto yopita ku mapeto.


    Chitsanzo cha zimenezi zingakhale

    mtundu / FS: ntfs D:

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    Otsiriza mtundu wapamwamba masanjidwe ife amatchula apa pali, ngati ine ndikufuna kuti ndinene, Zokongoletsa kunja kwa bokosi. Pakuti mtundu uwu, tiyenera Live CD kapena bootable USB pagalimoto ndi mawindo izo.

    Mfundo masanjidwe ali yemweyo zonse Mawindo Mabaibulo ambiri lero, kuchokera XP kwa 8.1, kusiyana akapezedwe mwa maonekedwe a kutonthoza.

    Kuyambitsa ndondomeko, tifunika kuika zinthu makina jombo ku CD kapena USB. Chomwe tingachite ndi kukanikiza Del kapena F2 batani (malinga a verions wa BIOS). Pansi mwaukadauloZida Mungasankhe tingapeze njira kusintha jombo kuti ndi kamodzi anayamba CD / DVD kuwala pagalimoto kapena USB ndi kupulumutsidwa, tiyenera Chisudzulo Chikuwononga.

    Bellow mukuonera zithunzi za oyambitsa zowonetsera zosiyanasiyana Mawindo Mabaibulo pambuyo booted kuchokera LiveCD kapena USB


    Mawindo XP

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    Mawindo XP fano tikuona tapatsidwa zingapo zimene mungachite kuti akasankhe. Tingasankhe wapamwamba dongosolo ndi mtundu wa masanjidwe, malinga zimene tiyenera


    Mawindo 7

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    M'chifanizo pamwamba tikuona kuti atasankha kufunika parition, tiyenera alemba pa galimoto Mungasankhe kumene kuli mwaukadauloZida njira kumene tingasankhe chochita ndi kugawa lokha. Mawindo 7 ndi 8 mulibe kusiyana mu gawo kotero fano bellow akutionesa ndendende zimene mungachite ali chikupezeka ngati ife alemba pa galimoto Mungasankhe (zipangizo) Mbali.


    Mawindo 8

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    Tikhoza kulenga latsopano kugawa, tikhoza mtundu alipo mmodzi, tikhoza winawake alipo mmodzi kapena kuwonjezera partitions. Kusakhulupirika wapamwamba dongosolo onse verions mawindo kuchokera zolondola Seva 2003 ndi mmwamba ndi NTFS, ndipo ndi pa Mawindo XP koma FAT32 ndi wamba m'nyumbazo.

    Mmene aliyense osankhidwa mtundu mtundu ali yemweyo, kusiyana zimasiyana mtundu wa mtundu wokha (Quick kapena Full). Kodi n'lakuti kwa wosuta kusankha zinthu kwambiri yabwino njira yake / iye kuti apite ndi kumvetsa chifukwa chake ena options ntchito pa ena ndi zimene milandu.

    Kumbukirani, nthawizonse pawiri fufuzani galimoto pamaso Zokongoletsa ndi onetsetsani kumbuyo onse deta yanu.

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